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Decentralised Telehealth Data through Blockchain Technology: A ledger between physical and online health services

Nwosu, Tochukwu Christopher (2023) Decentralised Telehealth Data through Blockchain Technology: A ledger between physical and online health services. Masters thesis, Dublin, National College of Ireland.

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Blockchain is a critical innovation that can improve delivery of services in the healthcare sector. This project examined a decentralized health system using blockchain technology. The project particularly focused on establishing a decentralized system using distributed ledger between physical and online health services. The project was aimed at using blockchain technology to update healthcare data in the online database. In addition, the project was aimed at demonstrating that blockchain technology could be used to improve the integrity and privacy of data in the health sector. The project highlighted that the decentralized blockchain system is applied in other sectors such as finance, retail and real estate. Therefore, similar approaches and techniques could be employed to create a decentralized healthcare system that could guarantee data integrity. The development of the project involved a review of other blockchain technologies such as Medical Chain, MedCredits and MyHealthMyData. Besides, the project employed a flowchart that highlighted the different phases covered in the development of a decentralized telehealth system. The implementation of the system used tools and components such as Flutter, Solidity and Truffle. Ethereum blockchain was used in the project to develop a smart contract and retrieve data. The project constituted two experiments including testing how blockchain technology could help to update healthcare data and enhance data integrity and privacy. Updating data in online databases involved steps such as creation, verification and broadcasting of transactions, mining, adding the block to the chain and updating the ledger. Enhancing data integrity, on the other hand, involved setting up access permissions, creating anonymous transactions and establishing a consensus algorithm. The development of an application for a decentralized healthcare system demonstrated that blockchain is critical in enhancing service delivery through updating data in online databases as well as ensuring data integrity in the health sector. However, there is a need for further research on aspects such as developing advanced and secure telehealth systems that are tailored to specific medical conditions, integration of virtual and augmented reality and creating a telehealth platform that enables real-time communication among healthcare providers.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Ayala-Rivera, Vanessa
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > Electronic computers. Computer science
T Technology > T Technology (General) > Information Technology > Electronic computers. Computer science
Q Science > QA Mathematics > Computer software > Computer Security
T Technology > T Technology (General) > Information Technology > Computer software > Computer Security
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > Information Science > Communication > Medical Informatics
Divisions: School of Computing > Master of Science in Cyber Security
Depositing User: Tamara Malone
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2024 16:44
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2024 16:44

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