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The economic impact of cancer mortality among working-age individuals in Brazil from 2001 to 2030

de Camargo Cancela, Marianna, Monteiro dos Santos, Jonas Eduardo, Lopes de Souza, Leonardo Borges, Martins, Luís Felipe Leite, Bezerra de Souza, Dyego Leandro, Barchuk, Anton, Hanly, Paul, Sharp, Linda, Soerjomataram, Isabelle and Pearce, Alison (2023) The economic impact of cancer mortality among working-age individuals in Brazil from 2001 to 2030. Cancer Epidemiology, 86. ISSN 18777821

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Background: About half of cancer deaths in Brazil occur among individuals of working-age (under 65 years for men, under 60 for women), resulting in a substantial economic impact for the country. We aimed to estimate the years of potential productive life lost (YPPLL) and value the productivity lost due to premature deaths from cancer between 2001 and 2015 and the projected to 2030.

Methods: We used the Human Capital Approach to estimate the productivity losses corresponding to YPPLL for cancer deaths in working age people (15–64 years). Mortality data were obtained from the Mortality Information System from 2001 to 2015 and projected between 2016 and 2030. Economic data were obtained from the Continuous National Household Sample Survey and forecasted to 2030. Productivity lost was calculated as the monetary value arising from YPPLL in Int$(2016).

Results: Between 2001 and 2030, a total of 2.3 million premature deaths from all cancers combined were observed and forecasted in Brazil (57% men, 43% women), corresponding to 32 million YPPLL and Int$141.3 billion in productivity losses (men: Int$102.5 billion, women: Int$38.8 billion). Between 2001 and 2030, among men, lung (Int$ 12.6 billion), stomach (Int$ 10.6 billion) and colorectal (Int$ 9.4 billion) cancers were expected to contribute to the greatest productivity losses; and among women, it will be for breast (Int$ 10.0 billion), cervical (Int$ 6.4 billion) and colorectal (Int$ 3.2 billion) cancers.

Conclusions: Many preventable cancers result in high lost productivity, suggesting measure to reduce smoking prevalence, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity and inadequate diet, improving screening programs and increasing vaccination coverage for human papillomavirus and hepatitis B would have a positive impact on the economy, as well as reducing morbidity and mortality from cancer.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Productivity loss; Human capital approach; Cancer mortality; Cancer; Indirect costs
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Q Science > Life sciences > Medical sciences > Pathology > Tumors > Cancer
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > Issues of Labour and Work > Labour Market
Divisions: School of Business > Staff Research and Publications
Depositing User: Tamara Malone
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2023 08:56
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2023 08:56

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