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Social Media Addiction, Body Image, Social Comparison, and Mental Health in Perimenopause

Collins, Paula Maria (2023) Social Media Addiction, Body Image, Social Comparison, and Mental Health in Perimenopause. Undergraduate thesis, Dublin, National College of Ireland.

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Aims: The purpose of this research was to investigate if there is a relationship between social media addiction, body image, social comparison and self-reported levels of depression and anxiety in perimenopausal women. Methods: Participants were recruited through perimenopausal social media groups (Facebook, Instagram and Reddit) they were provided an online Google survey. 179 participants completed the survey with 177 of those results valid. Demographic information was collected and the following scales, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Revised (CES-D-S), Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7), Body Image Satisfaction Scale (BISS), Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS), Iowa-Netherlands Comparison Orientation Measure (INCOM). The following Data analysis test was performed with SPSS v27, Frequencies, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient and two multiple regressions. Results: There was a strong relationship between depression and anxiety showing a 39.4% of variance in common. The strongest two predictors of depressive symptoms were Body Image Satisfaction Scale (BISS) and Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS), with the model showing 25% variance in depression levels. The strongest predictor of anxiety was Iowa-Netherlands Comparison Orientation Measure (INCOM)/social comparison with the model showing 14% variance in self-reported anxiety levels. Conclusion: In perimenopausal women there is a higher risk of reporting depressive symptoms in relation to body image and social media addiction and higher reported levels of anxiety in relation to social comparison.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Hannigan, Caoimhe
Uncontrolled Keywords: Perimenopause; social media addiction; social comparison; body image; depression; anxiety
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry > Neurology. Diseases of the Nervous System. > Psychiatry > Psychopathology > Personality Disorders. Behaviour Problems. > Addiction
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology > Body image
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA790 Mental Health
Z Bibliography. Library Science. Information Resources > ZA Information resources > ZA4150 Computer Network Resources > The Internet > World Wide Web > Websites > Online social networks
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering > Telecommunications > The Internet > World Wide Web > Websites > Online social networks
Q Science > QP Physiology > Climacteric > Menopause > Perimenopause
Divisions: School of Business > BA (Honours) in Psychology
Depositing User: Tamara Malone
Date Deposited: 31 May 2023 16:21
Last Modified: 31 May 2023 16:21

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