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Corpus Callosum Microstructural Tract Integrity Relates to Longer Emotion Recognition Reaction Time in People with Schizophrenia

Burke, Tom, Gleeson, Christina, Holleran, Laurena, Mothersill, David, Holland, Jessica, Costelloe, Laura, Kane, Ruán, McKernan, Declan P., Morris, Derek W., Kelly, John P., Corvin, Aiden P., Hallahan, Brian P., McDonald, Colm and Donohoe, Gary (2022) Corpus Callosum Microstructural Tract Integrity Relates to Longer Emotion Recognition Reaction Time in People with Schizophrenia. Brain Sciences, 12 (9). pp. 1-14. ISSN 2076-3425

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Objective: Schizophrenia is a complex functionally debilitating neurodevelopmental disorder, with associated social cognitive impairment. Corpus Callosum (CC) white matter tracts deficits are reported for people with schizophrenia; however, few studies focus on interhemispheric processing relative to social cognition tasks. This study aimed to determine if a relationship between the CC and social cognition exists.

Method: In this cross-section study, a sample of n = 178 typical controls and n = 58 people with schizophrenia completed measures of mentalising (Reading the Mind in the Eyes), emotion recognition outcome and reaction time (Emotion Recognition Test), and clinical symptoms (Positive and Negative Symptom Scale), alongside diffusion-based tract imaging. The CC and its subregions, i.e., the genu, body, and splenium were the regions of interest (ROI).

Results: Reduced white matter tract integrity was observed in the CC for patients when compared to controls. Patients performed slower, and less accurately on emotion recognition tasks, which significantly and negatively correlated to the structural integrity of the CC genu. Tract integrity further significantly and negatively related to clinical symptomatology.

Conclusions: People with schizophrenia have altered white matter integrity in the genu of the CC, compared to controls, which relates to cognitive deficits associated with recognising emotional stimuli accurately and quickly, and severity of clinical symptoms.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Social cognition; schizophrenia; white matter tract integrity; corpus callosum; emotion recognition; reaction time; symptom severity; diffusion-tract imaging; fractional anisotropy; interhemispheric processing
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology > Cognition
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology > Emotions
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA790 Mental Health
Divisions: School of Business > Staff Research and Publications
Depositing User: Clara Chan
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2022 13:11
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2022 13:12

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