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Identifying Fake News in Brazilian Portuguese

Fischer, Marcelo, Haque, Rejwanul, Stynes, Paul and Pathak, Pramod (2022) Identifying Fake News in Brazilian Portuguese. In: Natural Language Processing and Information Systems. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (13286). Springer Nature, Cham, pp. 111-118. ISBN 978-3-031-08473-7

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Spread of fake news and disinformation may have many profound consequences, e.g. social conflicts, distrust in media, political instability. Fake news identification is an well-established area of natural language processing (NLP). Given its recent success on English, fake news identification is currently being used as a tool by a variety of agencies including corporate companies and big media houses. However, fake news identification still possesses a challenge for languages other than English and low-resource languages. The bidirectional encoders using masked language models, e.g. bidirectional encoder representations from Transformers (BERT), multilingual BERT (mBERT), produce state-of-the-art results in numerous natural language processing (NLP) tasks. This transfer learning strategy is very effective when labeled data is not abundantly available especially in low-resource scenarios. This paper investigates the application of BERT for fake news identification in Brazilian Portuguese. In addition to BERT, we also tested a number of widely-used machine learning (ML) algorithms, methods and strategies for this task. We found that fake news identification models built using advanced ML algorithms including BERT performed excellently in this task, and interestingly, BERT is found to be the best-performing model which produces a F1_score of 98.4 on the hold-out test set.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Deep learning; Fact checking; Fake news identification
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > Electronic computers. Computer science
T Technology > T Technology (General) > Information Technology > Electronic computers. Computer science
Q Science > QA Mathematics > Computer software
T Technology > T Technology (General) > Information Technology > Computer software
Z Bibliography. Library Science. Information Resources > ZA Information resources > ZA4150 Computer Network Resources > The Internet > World Wide Web > Websites
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering > Telecommunications > The Internet > World Wide Web > Websites
Divisions: School of Computing > Staff Research and Publications
Depositing User: Clara Chan
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2022 14:51
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2022 14:51

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