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Lonely SARTs: loneliness and sustained attention in the Irish longitudinal study of aging

McHugh Power, Joanna E., Hannigan, Caoimhe, Carney, Síle, Feeney, Joanne, Kenny, Rose Ann, Kee, Frank and Lawlor, Brian A. (2020) Lonely SARTs: loneliness and sustained attention in the Irish longitudinal study of aging. Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition, 27 (2). pp. 197-206. ISSN 1744-4128

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Based on biologically plausible mechanisms and previous research, it is possible to hypothesize a reciprocal association between sustained attention and loneliness. We investigated this association using a cross-lagged modeling approach. Using data from 6,239 participants aged over 50 in TILDA, a nationally representative study of aging, we used structural equation models to investigate potential cross-lagged associations between sustained attention and loneliness, measured at baseline and again after four years. Sustained attention at baseline had a small association with loneliness four years later, but loneliness at baseline was not associated with sustained attention at follow-up. Auto-regressive associations were strong for both loneliness over time and sustained attention over time. Sustained attention may account for a small proportion of the variance in loneliness over time among older adults, and may constitute a risk factor in the development of loneliness. Implications for the identification of at-risk individuals and the prevention of loneliness are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology > Cognitive psychology
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > Welfare of older people
Divisions: School of Business > Staff Research and Publications
Depositing User: Caoimhe Ní Mhaicín
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2019 15:14
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2020 14:09

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