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Implicit Social Learning in Relation to Autistic-Like Traits

Hudson, Matthew, Nijboer, Tanja C. W. and Jellema, Tjeerd (2012) Implicit Social Learning in Relation to Autistic-Like Traits. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42 (12). pp. 2534-2545. ISSN 1573-3432

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We investigated if variation in autistic traits in the typically-developed population (using the Autism-spectrum Quotient, AQ) influenced implicit learning of social information. In the learning phase, participants repeatedly observed two identities whose gaze and expression conveyed either a pro- or antisocial disposition. These identities were then employed in a gaze-cueing paradigm. Participants made speeded responses to a peripheral target that was spatially pre-cued by a non-predictive gaze direction. The low AQ group (n = 50) showed a smaller gaze-cueing effect for the antisocial than for the prosocial identity. The high AQ group (n = 48) showed equivalent gaze-cueing for both identities. Others’ intentions/dispositions can be learned implicitly and affect subsequent responses to their behavior. This ability is impaired with increasing levels of autistic traits.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology
Divisions: School of Business > Staff Research and Publications
Depositing User: Caoimhe Ní Mhaicín
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2018 08:42
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2018 08:42

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