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Triangulating surprise : Expectations, uncertainty and making sense

Foster, Meadhbh I. , Keane, Mark, Loewenstein, Jeffrey, Maguire, Rebecca, Maguire, Phil, May, Ross W. , Smith-Rodden, Martin, Ash, Ivan K. , Munnich, Edward L. and Ranney, Michael A. (2014) Triangulating surprise : Expectations, uncertainty and making sense. In: Proceedings of the Thirty-Sixth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Society. Cognitive Science Society.

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Surprise is a ubiquitous phenomenon that both draws on
cognition and affects cognition, in a number of different
ways. For example, in artificial intelligence an agent in a
changing and imperfectly-known environment has been argued to need a surprise mechanism to survive. This symposium brings together researchers in education, computer science, cognitive psychology, and business to explore the relationship between surprise and cognition, and how it might be harnessed across domains.

We will open with a touchstone challenge: How can surprising information be recruited to promote learning?
(Munnich & Ranney) Then we will explore several perspectives on surprise, ranging from violation of
expectations created through repetition (Loewenstein) to a
focus on the information content of surprising events
(Maguire & Maguire), to the apparently conflicting roles
surprise may play in judgment (May, Smith-Rodden, &
Ash). Our final speakers (Foster & Keane) will synthesize
these approaches, and present a broad framework for
future research on surprise within the cognitive sciences.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology > Emotions > Surprise
Divisions: School of Business > Staff Research and Publications
Depositing User: Caoimhe Ni Mhaicin
Date Deposited: 21 May 2014 11:23
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2014 09:54

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