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Childhood trauma, parental bonding, and social cognition in patients with schizophrenia and healthy adults

Rokita, Karolina I., Dauvermann, Maria R., Mothersill, David, Holleran, Laurena, Holland, Jessica, Costelloe, Laura, Cullen, Caroline, Kane, Ruán, McKernan, Declan, Morris, Derek W., Kelly, John, Gill, Michael, Corvin, Aiden, Hallahan, Brian, McDonald, Colm and Donohoe, Gary (2020) Childhood trauma, parental bonding, and social cognition in patients with schizophrenia and healthy adults. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 77 (1). pp. 241-253. ISSN 1097-4679

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.23023

Abstract

Objective
This study investigated associations between childhood trauma, parental bonding, and social cognition (i.e., Theory of Mind and emotion recognition) in patients with schizophrenia and healthy adults.

Methods
Using cross-sectional data, we examined the recollections of childhood trauma experiences and social cognitive abilities in 74 patients with schizophrenia and 116 healthy adults.

Results
Patients had significantly higher scores compared with healthy participants on childhood trauma, and lower scores on parental bonding and social cognitive measures. Physical neglect was found to be the strongest predictor of emotion recognition impairments in both groups. Optimal parental bonding attenuated the impact of childhood trauma on emotion recognition.

Conclusion
The present study provides evidence of an association between physical neglect and emotion recognition in patients with schizophrenia and healthy individuals and shows that both childhood trauma and parental bonding may influence social cognitive development. Psychosocial interventions should be developed to prevent and mitigate the long-term effects of childhood adversities.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Theory of Mind; childhood trauma; emotion recognition; parental bonding; schizophrenia; social cognition
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman > Children > Child Development
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology > Child psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology > Cognition
Divisions: School of Business > Staff Research and Publications
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Clara Chan
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2022 11:45
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2022 12:39
URI: http://norma.ncirl.ie/id/eprint/5594

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