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Sensorimotor Synchronization: The Effect of Musical Training and Musicality of Stimulus

Finlay, Daegan (2020) Sensorimotor Synchronization: The Effect of Musical Training and Musicality of Stimulus. Undergraduate thesis, Dublin, National College of Ireland.

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Abstract

Synchronization to an external rhythm is a cognitive process that is fundamental for music performance. Individual differences in musical experience affect synchronization accuracy, as does the stimulus present. To investigate the effects of musical training and musicality of stimulus on synchronization, 25 participants (Musician = 10) were involved in a finger tapping experiment using two different stimuli. Synchronization was performed with a musical excerpt, and a nonmusical rhythmic stimulus. Analyses showed nonmusicians displayed higher negative mean asynchrony than musicians (p = .047), and tapped with greater variability (p = .005). The presence of a musical stimulus had a significant positive impact on mean asynchrony (p = .025) yet had a nonsignificant effect on variability compared to a nonmusical rhythmic stimulus (p = .253). Musical training and stimulus displayed a nonsignificant interaction effect on both variability (p = .918) and asynchrony (p = .401). These findings further add to the evidence of an effect of musical training on synchronization. The impact of stimulus on entrainment, and lack of interaction effect, is relevant to rhythmic interventions utilizing music.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology
M Music and Books on Music > M Music
M Music and Books on Music > MT Musical instruction and study
Divisions: School of Business > BA (Honours) in Psychology
Depositing User: Mr Kevin Loughran
Date Deposited: 26 May 2021 14:16
Last Modified: 26 May 2021 14:16
URI: http://norma.ncirl.ie/id/eprint/4850

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